The liver’s functions include detoxifying the blood, storing vitamins, and producing hormones. Hepatitis can disrupt these processes and create severe health problems throughout the body.
At least five viruses can cause hepatitis. The three most common are hepatitis viruses A, B and C. Infection with any of these three can be fatal.
Other types of hepatitis can result from overconsumption of alcohol or an autoimmune condition. This article will look at hepatitis A, B, and C. These are forms of hepatitis transmitted by a virus.
In Nigeria, the incidence of hepatitis A has been falling for the last 20 years, but acute hepatitis C has seen an increase of 44 per cent between 2011 and 2012.
Types Of Hepatitis
Hepatitis has several different types, but the symptoms of each are similar. Hepatitis can take acute and chronic forms.
The three main types of hepatitis are known as hepatitis A, B, and C. Each is caused by a different virus. All three types can be acute, lasting for 6 months or less, and types B and C can be chronic, lasting for longer. (1)
Each type has different characteristics and is transmitted in different ways, but symptoms tend to be similar.
In Nigeria, 1,390 cases of hepatitis A were reported in 2017.
It is often mild, and most people make a full recovery, after which they are immune and therefore protected from the virus in the future. However, if it progresses, symptoms can be severe or life-threatening.
People in parts of the world with poor sanitation are particularly at risk of contracting HAV.
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Hepatitis B can be transmitted when a person:
- has unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person
- shares a needle with an infected person, often for illegal drug or steroid use
- has a tattoo created with unsterilized needles
- is accidentally pricked, for example, health workers dealing with sharp objects
- shares personal items, such as a toothbrush or razor, with an infected person
- is bitten by someone who is infected
An infected mother can pass the virus on to her infant when breastfeeding.
The liver of a person infected with hepatitis B swells. Severe damage can result.
HBV infection can become chronic. This can lead to complications, including scarring of the liver, or cirrhosis. It can also cause a type of cancer known as hepatocellular carcinoma.2
In 2015, 887,000 deaths worldwide were linked to HBV, mostly as a result of complications such as these.
In Nigeria, there were 3,370 reported cases of HBV, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that the real figure may be around 21,900. (3)
There is not currently a cure for HBV. However, the incidence rate has dropped in countries where the vaccine is available, and this vaccine is 95 per cent effective against the infection.
HCV can lead to liver damage and swelling. Around 1 in 4 people with HCV get cirrhosis, and this can lead to liver cancer.
Donated blood is now tested for HCV, but people who received organ transplants or blood donations before testing became part of the donation process may be at risk.
Other at-risk groups include healthcare workers who are exposed to sharps, users of intravenous drugs, and infants born to mothers with HCV.
The number of cases of HCV in Nigeria. rose nearly threefold between 2010 and 2015 when 2,436 cases were reported. However, the CDC estimate that 33,900 infections occurred in 2015, including those not reported.
There is no vaccine to prevent HCV, but NeoLife Supplement Can cure it
Some types and cases of hepatitis can heal without intervention, but sometimes it can progress to scarring of the liver, or cirrhosis.
There is no specific treatment for HAV. But there is NeoLife Supplement to fight and cure, The doctor will advise the patient to abstain from alcohol and drugs during the recovery. Most patients with hepatitis A will recover without intervention.
A patient with HBV needs to rest and abstain completely from alcohol. The doctor may prescribe an antiviral agent called interferon, or other antiviral suppressive therapies.
A patient with hepatitis C will be prescribed antiviral agents, with or without ribavirin.
Some directed antivirals and combination therapies are now available to treat the hepatitis C virus based on its subtype. These treatments target viral replication and prevent the virus from being able to reproduce. When taken correctly, the cure rate is very high.
These medications can be expensive, and insurers may have specific criteria for treatment.
Many people with hepatitis experience either mild or no symptoms. When symptoms appear, they can do so from 15 to 180 days after infection. This applies to all types of hepatitis.
The initial phase of hepatitis is called the acute phase. The symptoms are similar to mild flu, and may include:
Jaundice is a symptom of hepatitis.
- loss of appetite
- mild fever
- muscle or joint aches
- slight abdominal pain
- weight loss
The acute phase is not usually dangerous, but in certain people, it can result in acute liver failure and death. It may also progress to a chronic infection. This is most likely with HBV or HCV.
As the disease progresses, chronic hepatitis can lead to progressive liver failure, resulting in jaundice, swelling of the lower extremities, confusion, and blood in the faeces or vomit.
The following may occur:
- dark urine
- itchy skin
- light-coloured faeces
- yellow skin, whites of the eyes, and tongue
Patient outcomes after the acute phase depend on various factors, especially the type of hepatitis. Some people will not know they have chronic hepatitis until liver failure occurs.
As the symptoms of the different types of hepatitis are similar, the type and severity of hepatitis may only be diagnosed through laboratory tests.
A doctor will perform a physical examination and ask for medical history to assess whether a patient has been exposed to a likely cause of hepatitis.
If a patient recently travelled abroad, they may have HAV. If they have had unprotected sex, they may have HBV.
If hepatitis is suspected, the following tests can confirm a diagnosis:
- Blood tests: These can detect whether the body is producing antibodies to fight the disease, and they can assess liver function by checking the levels of certain liver proteins and enzymes.
- Nucleic acid tests: For hepatitis B and C, an HBV DNA or HCV RNA test can confirm the speed at which the virus is reproducing in the liver, and this will show how active the disease is.
- A liver biopsy: This can measure the extent of liver damage and the possibility of cancer.
- Paracentesis: Abdominal fluid is extracted and tested, to identify the cause of fluid accumulation.
- Elastography: This measures the liver’s stiffness by emitting sound waves.
- Surrogate markers: A type of blood test to assess the development of cirrhosis and fibrosis.
Treatment will depend on the diagnosis.
The three most common types of viral hepatitis are all caused by viral infections. (4)
Hepatitis A is caused by consuming food or water infected with the hepatitis A virus (HAV), often while travelling abroad. The virus can also be transmitted through anal-oral contact during sex or by injecting drugs.
Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is spread through contact with infected blood, semen, and some other body fluids. It can be a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
Hepatitis C mostly results from percutaneous infection, occurring when the HCV virus gets under the skin. It is usually spread through injected narcotics, needle-stick injuries, and a lack of infection control in healthcare settings.
HCV cannot be caught from contact with faeces, and sexual transmission is less common than in other types.
Alcohol, medicines, obesity, and chemical exposure do not cause types A, B, or C, but they may aggravate inflammation and make symptoms worse.
Hepatitis can be dangerous and difficult to treat, so people are advised to take precautions against possible infection.
Preventing hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is mostly spread through infected food and water.
The following steps can help avoid infection, especially when travelling.
- Wash hands with soap after using the bathroom.
- Only consume food that has just been cooked.
- Only drink commercially bottled water, or boiled water if you’re unsure of local sanitation.
- Only eat peelable fruits if you are in a location with unreliable sanitation
- Only eat raw vegetables if you are sure they have been cleaned or disinfected thoroughly.
- Get a vaccine for HAV before travelling toplaces where hepatitis may be endemic.Advertisement
Preventing hepatitis B
To minimize the risk of transmission:
- Tell any sex partner if you are a carrier or try to find out if they carry the disease.
- Practice safe sex using condoms.
- Only use previously unused, clean needles.
- Do not share toothbrushes, razors, or manicure instruments.
- Only allow the use of well-sterilized skin perforating equipment, such as during a tattoo, piercing, or acupuncture.
- Have the HBV vaccination if you are at risk.
How to prevent hepatitis C
As this is often passed on through the transfer of infected bodily fluids, the following steps can help prevent HCV transmission:
- Do not share needles, toothbrushes, or manicure equipment.
- Make sure equipment is well-sterilized for any skin piercing.
- Consume alcohol with moderation.
- Do not inject illegal drugs.
Hepatitis A and C are curable, but hepatitis B is only preventable by vaccine. A cure is still under development.
The different types of hepatitis have different chances of recovery.
Hepatitis A: This type of hepatitis will normally resolve in 2 months without leaving any long-term effects. A person with HAV will usually be immune to hepatitis A for the rest of their life.
Hepatitis B: Most adults infected with the HBV virus recover within 90 days and achieve lifelong immunity. However, 90 per cent of infants, 20 per cent of older children, and 5 per cent of adults will develop a chronic infection and develop severe health problems, such as liver cancer and cirrhosis.
Hepatitis C: This becomes a lifelong infection in 70 to 85 per cent of people that have the HCV virus. Hepatitis C is fatal in between 1 and 5 per cent of people. The infection can now be cured, and 15 to 25 per cent of people with HCV clear the infection without treatment
NeoLife Supplements Hepatitis Treatment and Care
Having Hepatitis means that your Liver has become inflamed. Hepatitis can be caused by a number of things including:
• Drinking too much alcohol (the most common cause of liver damage)
• A virus infection, such as Hepatitis A
• The body’s own immune system – a liver disease called autoimmune hepatitis
• The side effects of some drugs and chemicals.
There are a number of viruses that infect the Liver. The commonly known are Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. The ways in which
they are spread, how they cause Liver damage and the effects they can have on your health, is different. (Only Hepatitis B,
C and D cause serious chronic disease.)
Apart from Hepatitis A; Hepatitis B and C are the biggest problems for people in the UK. Hepatitis A is common in places where water supplies and sewage disposal are of a poor standard, and where personal and food hygiene standards are poor.
Southern and Eastern Europe, Africa and parts of the Middle and the Far East are high-risk areas. (5)
The virus is passed out in the bowel motions of an infected person, which is why it is important to wash your hands after going to the toilet. Drinking water can be contaminated with the virus. Hepatitis A is passed from person to person by eating food or drinking water contaminated (infected) with the virus. The illness can spread easily within families and where people live closely together.
Fruit, vegetables and uncooked food washed in contaminated water can cause infection, especially in hot countries. Shellfish can be infected if it comes from sea contaminated with sewage. Cooked food is safe, but can be contaminated if it has been handled by someone with the virus.
The World Health Organisation estimates that one-third of the world’s population has been infected at some time and that there are approximately 350 million people who are chronically infected (when the infection lasts longer than six months)
We advise you to immediately commence a
NeoLife Supplement For Hepatitis;
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2. Vitamin B. Complex in 60 tablets
Promotes breast milk secretion.
To prevent bleeding during and after delivery, add Cal-Mag.
Prevents tiredness and listlessness.
Counteracts stress and prevents nervousness.
For PMS care when used with Vitamin C. Sustained Release, Feminine Herbal Complex and Aloe Vera Plus*
3. Vitamin C Sustained Release in 100 Tablets; use 2 tablets daily.
Vitamin C supports the proper functioning of the immune system in the body but is rarely obtained in sufficient quantities.
Sustained Release Vitamin C has 430 mg of vitamin C, which is equivalent to the power of 8 oranges in each tablet.
Threshold controlled technology used in developing NEOLIFE’s Sustained Release Vitamin C helps maintain elevated blood levels of vitamin C with a slow release over 6 hours.
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4. Herbal Digestive Complex in 60Tablets; dosage is 2 tablets daily.
Contains 8 herbs to support digestive function.
Helps lazy bowels. Relieves constipation.
Promotes appetite and digestion.
Relieves flatulence and gastrointestinal spasms.
Reduces inflammation in and soothing of gastric mucous membranes. Supports Liver function.
5. Beta Guard in 100 Tablets; take 2 tablets daily.
Whole food based antioxidant to protect against environmental toxins.
Your first line of nutritional defence against damaging free radicals from pollution, exhaust fumes, chemicals, smog and other environmental toxins.
Promotes the body’s natural detoxifying processes and helps guard your health against environmental and free radical challenges.
Delivers B-vitamins that assist in detoxifying environmental pollutants.
This cancer nutritional supplement includes Zinc, GTF Chromium and Selenium, which have been shown to play an important role in the body’s response to heavy metal exposure.
The proprietary formulation of carefully selected vitamins, minerals and carotenoids that strengthen the body’s natural ability to detoxify and neutralize harmful agents that negatively impact health.
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A potent antagonist to cadmium, a common cause of heavy metal toxicity.
- BROAD SPECTRUM OF NUTRIENTS FOR OPTIMAL HEALTH AND VITALITY
- More than just a Multi-Vitamin and Mineral Supplements
- With Formula IV Plus, it helps for cell renewal and feeds our cells with the right nutrients they need daily.
- Wide spectrum formulation, providing protection against free radicals, oxidative damages and toxic pollutions.
- Adequately needful to help the Liver to metabolize excess toxins and chemicals damaging the walls of its tissues.
- Promotes the elimination of unwanted chemicals associated with the consumption of alcohol.
- Gives energy and vitality. And bridge the dietary gaps.
- Aids in the production of many different enzymes and insulin.
- Helps to Detoxify the Kidneys of toxic colourants and chemical substances.
- Relieves dyspepsia, prevents big belly.
- Prevents oxidative damages to the cells.
- Rich antioxidant supplements to help protect the cells from free radicals.
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SOURCE: Food and Nutrition Board, Institutes of Medicine Dietary Reference
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